Irish History from 1890 - 1920 AD
December 1890 Charles Stewart Parnell was deposed as leader of the
Charles Stewart Parnell lost three bye-elections.
October 1891 Charles Stewart Parnell died.
Second Home Rule Bill.
Gaelic Laegue established.
The United Irishman newspaper founded by Arthur Griffith.
Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Féin
Founding of Irish Transport Workers' Union (later becomes the Irish
Transport and General Workers' Union)
Carson becomes leader of Unionists
April 11: 3rd Home Rule bill introduced in Commons
Sept. 28: Ulster "Solemn League and Covenant" signed by nearly 500,000
in protest of Home Rule movement.
Home Rule Bill passes Commons but is defeated by Lords
Ulster Volunteer Force is formed
ITGWU lockout by employers
Nov. 19: Irish Citizen Army formed
Nov. 25: Irish Volunteers formed
December: Patrick Pearse joins IRB
Curragh mutiny by British officers refusing to fight Unionists
Home Rule Bill passes with amendment allowing for exclusion of Ulster;
implementation suspended Sept. 15 after England declares war with
Germany in August.
Redmond pledges support of Irish Volunteers in defense of Ireland
Jan.: Supreme Council of IRB decide on insurrection
April 3: Irish Volunteers prepare for rising on Easter Sunday (April
April 20-21: The Aud captured with arms meant for rising
April 22: Eoin MacNeill countermands order for rising
April 24: Rising occurs in Dublin one day late; Proclamation of the
Irish Republic read by Patrick Pearse on steps of Liberty Hall.
May 3 - 12: Fourteen leaders of Rising are shot in Kilmainham Jail
Aug. 3: Sir Roger Casement hanged in London
Eamon DeValera becomes Sinn Féin president; Sinn Fein (which had not
been part of the rising) now calls for independent Irish republic
December: General Election. Sinn Fein 73; Irish Parliamentary Party 6;
Unionists 25; Independent Unionists 1.
Beginning of Anglo-Irish War
Jan. 21: First meeting of Dáil Eireann, including Ulster Unionist
April 1: DeValera elected president of Dáil
April 14-25: General strike in Limerick
Sept. 12: Dáil declared illegal by British
Defeat of the United Irishmen at the Battle of Vinegar Hill.
| Gaelic is the Celtic branch of the Indo-European
family of languages. About one person in five in Ireland can speak
Irish today, but only one in 20 use it daily. In Scotland
approximately 80,000 people speak Gaelic. |
Saint Patrick (about 389-461) is the patron saint of
Ireland. Patrick was born in Britain.|
Ireland, together with Britain, joined
the European Economic Community in 1973.|
Celts and Ancient History, Bronze and Iron Age - The
ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many
European countries including Austria, Britain, Ireland,
France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany,
Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary|
The Irish Government is expected to
call a General Election in Ireland for 2007.|