Irish History from 1800 - 1850 AD
The Act of Union passed to take effect from January 1, 1801.
Rising in Dublin led by Robert Emmet, who was arrested, tried, and
"Battle of Garvagh" between Catholic 'Ribbonmen' and Orangemen.
Apprentice Boys of Derry formed.
Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Association, which campaigned for Catholic
emancipation, was formed.
The Unlawful Societies Act was passed which proscribed the Catholic
Association and the Orange Order.
Catholic Emancipation Act passed at Westminster.
July 1829 Fierce riots in Belfast followed the banning of the 12 July
parades. Rioting spread to County Armagh and County Tyrone and
resulted in at least 20 deaths.
1832 - 1844 AD
Party Procession Acts enforced to control public demonstrations.
Victoria acceded to the throne.
Thomas Davis and others founded The Nation newspaper.
Daniel O'Connell organised a number of 'Monster Meetings' in a
campaign to have the Act of Union repealed.
1845 - 1849 AD
The Great Famine in Ireland.
The first cases of blight in the potato crop occurred in Ireland
leading to famine.
Repeal of Corn Laws.
April 1846 Sale of imported Indian corn began.
August 1846 Public works began to try to relieve poverty, but were
stopped in anticipation of the new harvest.
Total failure of potato crop.
Public works programme restarted.
October 1846 First deaths from starvation.
Government soup kitchens were set up to distribute free rations to the
Fever began spreading throughout Ireland.
The potato harvest was very poor.
Soup kitchens were closed.
Responsibility for relief of hunger and destitution was placed on
The Irish were left to the operation of natural forces and mercy of
the free market.
Failed Nationalist Uprising at Ballingarry, County Tipperary.
Smith O'Brien, the Young Ireland leader, was arrested.
James Stephens fled to France.
July 12, 1849: "Battle of Dolly's Brae" when at least 30 Catholics
were killed in clashes between 'Ribbonmen' and Orangemen (Government
report entitled Battle of Magheramayo).
| Gaelic is the Celtic branch of the Indo-European
family of languages. About one person in five in Ireland can speak
Irish today, but only one in 20 use it daily. In Scotland
approximately 80,000 people speak Gaelic. |
Saint Patrick (about 389-461) is the patron saint of
Ireland. Patrick was born in Britain.|
Ireland, together with Britain, joined
the European Economic Community in 1973.|
Celts and Ancient History, Bronze and Iron Age - The
ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many
European countries including Austria, Britain, Ireland,
France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany,
Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary. |
The Irish Government is expected to
call a General Election in Ireland for 2007.|